INCI name: FOENICULUM VULGARE (Fennel) EXTRACT
Fennel is native to the Mediterranean region and is now grown in many countries with temperate climates. The drugs are the oil obtained from the ripe fruits and the dried ripe fruits. In pharmaceutical practice bitter fennel is used.
Essential oil when extracted from bitter fennel:
Main components: trans-anethoI (50 – 75 %), fenchone (12 – 33 %), estragole (2 – 5 %)
also aIpha-pinene, camphene, p-cymene, myrcene, limonene, alpha- and beta-phellandrene, gamma-terpinene, terpinolene, cis-ocimene, and others.
Foeniculum Vulgare Extract has a spasmolytic effect on smooth muscle and a secretomotor effect on the bronchial mucosa. Anethole and fenchone have bronchosecretolytic, moreover in vitro antimicrobial and fungicidal effects. Fenchon has a central stimulating effect.
- has a decramping effect
Foeniculum vulgare extract used for catarrhal infections of the respiratory tract, for dyspeptic complaints and mild gastrointestinal disorders. Folkloric, moreover, is known use in the treatment of eczematous diseases of the external eye.